Within Canada’s agriculture, many factors are affecting the socio-economic characteristics thereof. These include quantity and types of farms, biogeography, land management, and agricultural engineering.
Early in the 21st century, 48 primary grain, vegetable and fruit crops were established as major export farming products in Canada. All these products are broken down into five primary production sectors. These sectors include grains and oilseeds, red meats, dairy, horticulture, and poultry and eggs. In this article, we look at the statistics of each sector of products.
Grains and Oilseeds
It’s been known for Saskatchewan to have produced over half of the wheat in Canada from 1925. The production of wheat exceeded 240,000,000 bushels of wheat. The other popular grain crops grown in the country are Rapeseed, Alfalfa, barley, canola, flax, rye, and oats.
Wheat is a staple crop from Canada. At the beginning of the twentieth-century, varieties of wheat were developed to help farmers attain a strong harvest throughout weak growing seasons. These varieties include durum, spelt, and winter wheat.
Wheat in Canada was produced up to 31.7 million tons in 2018 and rapeseed up to 20.3 million tons.
Although dairy farming in Canada is restricted under the system of supply management, it is still one of the largest farming production products in the country. In 2016, it was recorded that there were approximately 17,840 dairy cattle and milk production farms in Canada.
Horticulture crops include flowers and fruits. It became easier to grow these products with the development of plant hardiness zones. Throughout Canada, the most grown horticulture products include plums, pears, prunes, apples, peaches, cherries, apricots, loganberries, strawberries, and raspberries.
Another important product from horticulture in Canada is hazelnuts and maple syrup and sugar. These products are mostly grown from Quebec along the St. Lawrence River.
Viticulture refers to the growing of grapes for the production of wine. The two largest wine-growing regions in Canada are Ontario and British Columbia. Other regions also producing wine grapes are Quebec and the Maritimes.
In 2015, it was recorded that Canada produced 56.2 million litres of wine, with almost 62% having been produced in Ontario and 33% in British Columbia. Internationally, Canada is the largest producer of ice wine.
In 2015 it was recorded that there were 548 wineries found across Canada, more than half of these wineries were situated in Ontario and British Columbia. In Quebec, there are also 138 vineyards.
Poultry and Eggs
Fowl, poultry, eggs, chickens, geese, ducks, and turkeys are part of poultry and eggs supply management in Canada. Under this management, production is limited, and prices have risen strongly. With around 3000 poultry farmers and 1000 egg farmers, Canada is a strong farming sector despite operating under the Supply Management of the country.
The recent introduction of domesticating buffalo and elk has started a new food farming industry in Canada. Sheep have been raised on farms to be bused for both meat and wool, and bovine barns have been a part of livestock culture.
With swine research in Canada, scientists have been making forward steps in giving rise to intensive pig farming. The domestication of various farm animals created corresponding industries such as animal husbandry and meat processing.